“Main mechanisms involved in the effects of humic substances on soil-plant systems”

J. M. Garcia-Mina, V. Mora, M. Olaetxea, R. Baigorri, M. Fuentes, M. Garnica, S. San Francisco, J. Erro, O. Urrutia, E. Casanova, D. Lemenager, J. C. Yvin

Resumen


A number of studies have shown the ability of natural organic matter (NOM) in general and humic substances (HS) in particular, to affect the development of plants and microorganisms in many different natural ecosystems and agroecosystems. Regarding plants, these NOM and HS effects were expressed in both root growth and architecture, and shoot growth. However, these effects were different in intensity and quality depending on several intrinsic and extrinsic factors associated with HS structure and concentration, plant species and soil properties. Two main mechanisms have been proposed to explain the beneficial action of NOM and HS on plant growth. An indirect effect expressed through the improvement of plant nutrition by increasing soil nutrient availability, principally some micronutrients (mostly P and Fe); and a possible direct action affecting the transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of several enzymes and molecular transporters in the root. These biological effects within the plant seem to be associated with both nutrient root uptake ability and the efficient use of the nutrient in plant leaves. In this communication, the relationships between the effects of HS on root development, shoot development, plant nutrition, and soil properties; are discussed. This study is developed in the context of the links existing between the signal role of some nutrients and the hormonal balance in both root and shoot.


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